Some philosophers view the concept of truth as basic, and unable to be the truth will set you free essay in any terms that are more easily understood than the concept of truth itself. Other philosophers take this common meaning to be secondary and derivative. Various theories and views of truth continue to be debated among scholars, philosophers, and theologians. All Germanic languages besides English have introduced a terminological distinction between truth “fidelity” and truth “factuality”.
The question of what is a proper basis for deciding how words, symbols, ideas and beliefs may properly be considered true, whether by a single person or an entire society, is dealt with by the five most prevalent substantive theories listed below. Each presents perspectives that are widely shared by published scholars. However, the substantive theories are not universally accepted. Correspondence theories emphasise that true beliefs and true statements correspond to the actual state of affairs.
This type of theory stresses a relationship between thoughts or statements on one hand, and things or objects on the other. This class of theories holds that the truth or the falsity of a representation is determined in principle entirely by how it relates to “things”, by whether it accurately describes those “things. Aquinas also restated the theory as: “A judgment is said to be true when it conforms to the external reality”. Many modern theorists have stated that this ideal cannot be achieved without analysing additional factors.