Periods of Egyptian civilization The Egyptian civilization is not only viewed as one of the oldest civilizations, but also as one of the most durable ones. Science and civilization essay Egyptian civilization is not only viewed as one of the oldest civilizations, but also as one of the most durable ones. During this period 42 territorial and political unities were formed. Those, in turn, become part of a single Egyptian state.
Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Menes, the founder of the 1st Dynasty united Egypt in a whole. The integrity of the country was strengthened by establishing a centralized irrigation system and an administrative apparatus of the invention and spread of hieroglyphic writing. Egypt is considered to be a powerful state based on economic and political factors. This is a time of the internal strife and the collapse of the centralized state. The city of Thebes became one of the major centers that played a huge role in Ancient Egypt.
The country was reunited, and the power of the prefecture leaders was limited. Egypt increased its territory, particularly in the south. In addition to this, it launched glass manufacturing and started a proliferation of tools made of bronze. Semitic origin, invaded from Asia and conquered the northern and central parts of the country. The rulers of Thebes led national liberation struggles that ended the expulsion of the Hyksos. Hyksos attacked Egypt and occupied the Egyptian lands. The era of the heyday of Egyptian civilization.
Egypt expanded its ownership to the Euphrates in the east and the third cataract of the Nile in the south. Pharaohs put more effort to keep their land in the fight against the Hittite Empire, and later with the Sea Peoples. The time of strife, invasions and alien dominations: Libyan, Nubian, Assyrian. During this period, Egypt survived its last ascent.