Athens and sparta similarities and differences essay

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Please forward this error screen to sharedip-1666228125. Athenians were better than the Spartans on so many different levels, education being one of them. Read this research paper and over 1,500,000 others like it now. Don’t miss your chance to earn better grades and be a better writer!

Please sign up to read full document. The Athenians were better than the Spartans on so many different levels, education being one of them. The primary purpose if the Athenian education system was to produce thinkers, people who where well trained in art and science as well as military practices, people who were prepared for peace and war. On the other hand, Sparta educators were focused on one thing, creating soldiers, people who didn’t think for themselves and did what they were told. Athenian boys were tutored at home until they were 7 where they were then sent to a private neighborhood school. Younger boys learned calisthenics and how to play ball games and older boys were taught running, boxing, and wrestling.

They were all expected to read heavily and were also taught to play the lyre, sing, and arithmetic. Athenian girls were not officially schooled but were tutored at home. All Spartan boys left home at 7 and were sent to military school. From then until the age of 18 they were exposed to harsh training and discipline. They were allowed no shoes, few clothes and taught to take pride in enduring pain and hardship. At the age of 18 they went into the world and had to steal their food. Getting caught resulted in a punishment called flogging which was primarily used on slaves.

The concept of this training was to teach them stealth and how to be cunning. Spartan girls went to schools similar to the schools boys went to because it was believed that strong women had strong babies who grew up to be strong soldiers to fight for the state. If the Spartan men passed the tests and became soldiers they were required to serve in the military until they were 60, as opposed to Athenian men who were free to live their lives as they pleased after a required 2 years of military school. In conclusion, Athenian schools produced people like Aristotle and Plato who were great philosophers where as Spartan schools produced blood thirsty warriors such as Leonidas. Throughout the ancient world there were two dominating empires.

These two cities were both powerful and famous but significantly different. On the other hand all of the Spartan traditions have been lost and forgotten. The Peloponnesian War that took place from 431 B. Marshall said, is one of the most important wars in the last 2,500 years of history. Greek states to adapt a form of Oligarchy government instead of Democracy.

At the end of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta’s army defeated the Athenian navy due to it using its overwhelming strengths and overcoming its weaknesses. In themselves, however, Sparta’s actions would not have been sufficient for victory had the Athenians followed the strategy laid out by Pericles. The Spartan’s oligarchy system was based upon an agrarian economy that allowed the Spartans to raise their own food. Envision a world where the people are ravenous and yearning for any remnant of food they could obtain, where the society is overrun and no one has a free say. This is the type of society the ancient Spartans would have lived like unlike the ancient Athenians. Primarily, ancient Athens’s efficient government was better than the ancient Spartan government due to its adroit Council, resourceful Assembly, and its direct democracy. The Council was inhered of five hundred citizens who met every day and recommended new laws to ameliorate their city-state.

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